The AIC's Executive Director, Ben Johnson, was quoted in an article in the New York Times....
New Americans in Pennsylvania
Download the Fact Sheet (2010 Census Data)
Download the Previous Fact Sheet (2008 Census Data)
Immigrants and their children are growing shares of Pennsylvania’s population and electorate.
- The foreign-born share of Pennsylvania’s population rose from 3.1% in 1990, to 4.1% in 2000, to 5.8% in 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Pennsylvania was home to 739,068 immigrants in 2010, which is nearly the total population of Columbus, Ohio.
- 49.5% of immigrants (or 366,119 people) in Pennsylvania were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2010—meaning that they are eligible to vote.
- 4.5% (or 290,283) of all registered voters in Pennsylvania were “New Americans”—immigrants or the children of immigrants—according to an analysis of 2008 Census Bureau data by Rob Paral & Associates.
Roughly 1 in 12 Pennsylvanians are Latino or Asian.
- The Latino share of Pennsylvania’s population grew from 2.0% in 1990, to 3.2% in 2000, to 5.7% (or 724,449 people) in 2010. The Asian share of the population grew from 1.1% in 1990, to 1.8% in 2000, to 2.8% (or 355,870 people) in 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Latinos comprised 2.8% (or 161,000) of Pennsylvania voters in the 2008 elections, and Asians about one-half of one percent (or 31,000), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- In Pennsylvania, 86.9% of children with immigrant parents were U.S. citizens in 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
- In 2009, 87.6% of children in Asian families in Pennsylvania were U.S. citizens, as were 95.2% of children in Latino families.
Latino and Asian entrepreneurs and consumers add tens of billions of dollars and tens of thousands of jobs to Pennsylvania’s economy.
- The 2010 purchasing power of Pennsylvania’s Latinos totaled $14.2 billion—an increase of 574.5% since 1990. Asian buying power also totaled $12.2 billion—an increase of 440.8% since 1990, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia.
- Pennsylvania’s 31,313 Asian-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $11.6 billion and employed 58,506 people in 2007, the last year for which data is available. The state’s 22,777 Latino-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $3.2 billion and employed 15,362 people in 2007, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Business Owners.
Immigrants are essential to Pennsylvania’s economy as workers.
- Immigrants comprised 7.0% of the state’s workforce in 2010 (or 453,252 workers), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Immigrants accounted for nearly three-quarters of labor-force growth in Philadelphia between 2000 and 2006, according to a report by the Brookings Institution.
- Immigrants accounted for 10% of total economic output in the Philadelphia metropolitan area and 4% of economic output in the Pittsburgh metropolitan area as of 2007, according to a study by the Fiscal Policy Institute.
- Unauthorized immigrants comprised 1.7% of the state’s workforce in 2010 (or 110,000 workers), according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
- If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from Pennsylvania, the state would lose $5.3 billion in economic activity, $2.3 billion in gross state product, and approximately 27,718 jobs, even accounting for adequate market adjustment time, according to a report by the Perryman Group.
Unauthorized immigrants pay taxes.
- Unauthorized immigrants in Pennsylvania paid $135 million in state and local taxes in 2010, according to data from the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy, which includes:
- $34.9 million in state income taxes.
- $7 million in property taxes.
- $93.1 million in sales taxes.
Immigrants are integral to Pennsylvania’s economy as students.
- Pennsylvania’s 28,097 foreign students contributed $887.9 million to the state’s economy in tuition, fees, and living expenses for the 2009-2010 academic year, according to NAFSA: Association of International Educators.
Immigrants in Pennsylvania Excel Educationally.
- The number of immigrants in Pennsylvania with a college degree increased by 46.6% between 2000 and 2009, according to data from the Migration Policy Institute.
- 35.8% of Pennsylvania’s foreign-born population age 25 and older had at least a bachelor’s degree in 2009, compared to 25.7% of native-born persons age 25 and older.
- In Pennsylvania, 88% of children with immigrant parents were considered “English proficient” as of 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
- The English proficiency rate among Asian children in Pennsylvania was 88%, while for Latino children it was 87.5%, as of 2009.
Published On: Wed, Jan 11, 2012 | Download File