Patrick Taurel, Legal Fellow at the American...
New Americans in Maryland
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Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians account for growing shares of the economy and electorate in Maryland. Immigrants (the foreign-born) make up roughly 1 in 7 Marylanders, and nearly half of them are naturalized U.S. citizens who are eligible to vote. “New Americans”—immigrants and the children of immigrants—account for 1 in 10 registered voters in the state. Immigrants are not only integral to the state’s economy as workers, but also account for billions of dollars in tax revenue and consumer purchasing power. Moreover, Latinos and Asians (both foreign-born and native-born) wield $31.4 billion in consumer purchasing power, and the businesses they own had sales and receipts of $15.6 billion and employed more than 96,000 people at last count. As high-skilled workers, immigrants accounted for more than one-quarter of all scientists in the state, and more than one-fifth of all health care practitioners. At a time when the economy is still recovering, Maryland can ill-afford to alienate such a critical component of its labor force, tax base, and business community.
Immigrants and their children are growing shares of Maryland’s population and electorate.
- The foreign-born share of Maryland’s population rose from 6.6% in 1990, to 9.8% in 2000, to 13.9% in 2011, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Maryland was home to 811,701 immigrants in 2011, which is nearly the total population of San Francisco, California.
- 45.9% of immigrants (or 372,873 people) in Maryland were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2011—meaning that they are eligible to vote.
- Unauthorized immigrants comprised 4.6% of the state’s population (or 275,000 people) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
- 10.4% (or 294,065) of registered voters in Maryland were “New Americans”—naturalized citizens or the U.S.-born children of immigrants who were raised during the current era of immigration from Latin America and Asia which began in 1965—according to an analysis of 2008 Census Bureau data by Rob Paral & Associates.
Roughly 1 in 7 Marylanders are Latino or Asian.
- The Latino share of Maryland’s population grew from 2.6% in 1990, to 4.3% in 2000, to 8.4% (or 489,505 people) in 2011. The Asian share of the population grew from 2.9% in 1990, to 4.0% in 2000, to 5.7% (or 329,770 people) in 2011, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Latinos accounted for 3.5% (or 91,000) of Maryland voters in the 2008 elections, and Asians 2.4% (62,000), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- In Maryland, 87.1% of children with immigrant parents were U.S. citizens in 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
- In 2009, 85.1% of children in Asian families in Maryland were U.S. citizens, as were 89.6% of children in Latino families.
Latino and Asian entrepreneurs and consumers add billions of dollars and tens of thousands of jobs to Maryland’s economy.
- The 2012 purchasing power of Latinos in Maryland totaled $13.9 billion—an increase of 680.9% since 1990. Asian buying power totaled $17.5 billion—an increase of 590% since 1990, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia.
- Maryland’s 35,881 Asian-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $11.3 billion and employed 71,408 people in 2007, the last year for which data is available. The state’s 25,774 Latino-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $4.3 billion and employed 25,019 people in 2007, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Business Owners.
Immigrants are integral to Maryland’s economy as workers and taxpayers.
- Immigrants comprised 18% of the state’s workforce in 2011 (or 574,684 workers), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Immigrants accounted for 9% of total economic output in the Baltimore metropolitan area as of 2007, according to a study by the Fiscal Policy Institute.
- Unauthorized immigrants comprised 6.2% of the state’s workforce (or 190,000 workers) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
- Immigrants were 1 in 3 workers in Montgomery County, 1 in 4 workers in Prince George’s County, and 1 in 5 workers in Howard County in 2006, according a study by the Urban Institute.
- Roughly 27% of all scientists in Maryland were foreign-born in 2006, as were 21% of health-care practitioners, and 19% of mathematicians and computer specialists, according to the same study.
- Immigrant households paid 18% (or $4.0 billion) of all taxes collected in Maryland in 2000, according to a study by the Urban Institute. This included:
- $2.9 billion in federal income, Social Security, and Medicare taxes.
- $562 million in state income, sales, and auto taxes.
- $536 million in local property, income, sales, auto, and utility taxes.
- If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from Maryland, the state would lose $15.3 billion in economic activity, $6.8 billion in gross state product, and approximately 73,267 jobs, even accounting for adequate market adjustment time, according to a report by the Perryman Group.
Unauthorized immigrants pay taxes.
- Unauthorized immigrants in Maryland paid $344.5 million in state and local taxes in 2010, according to data from the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy, which includes $119.7 million in state income taxes, $31.4 million in property taxes, and $193.4 million in sales taxes.
- Were unauthorized immigrants in Maryland to have legal status, they would pay $507.6 million in state and local taxes, including $199.7 million in sales taxes, $273.7 million in state income taxes, and $34.2 million in property taxes.
Immigrants are integral to Maryland’s economy as students.
- Maryland’s 13,969 foreign students contributed $416 million to the state’s economy in tuition, fees, and living expenses for the 2011-2012 academic year, according to the NAFSA: Association of International Educators.
Immigrants excel educationally.
- In Maryland, 49% of foreign-born persons who were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2011 had a bachelor’s or higher degree, compared to 32.9% of noncitizens. At the same time, only 11.7% of naturalized citizens lacked a high-school diploma, compared to 30.7% of noncitizens.
- The number of immigrants in Maryland with a college degree increased by 69.1% between 2000 and 2011, according to data from the Migration Policy Institute.
- 41% of Maryland’s foreign-born population age 25 and older had a bachelor’s or higher degree in 2011, compared to 36% of native-born persons age 25 and older.
- In Maryland, 87.1% of children with immigrant parents were considered “English proficient” as of 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
- The English proficiency rate among Asian children in Maryland was 85%, while for Latino children it was 84.5%, as of 2009
Published On: Fri, Jan 11, 2013 | Download File
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