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Maintaining A Competitive Edge: Foreign-Born and US Immigration Policies in Science and Engineering

Foreign-born scientists and engineers (S&Es) have long played a prominent role in U.S. technological and scientific advancement and are a critical part of the science and engineering (S&E) labor force in corporations, universities, and research centers nationwide. However, long-standing structural flaws in the U.S. visa system and the unintended consequences of security procedures instituted since September 11, 2001, may be causing an increasing number of S&Es to forgo coming to the United States, thereby depriving the nation of a critical supply of human talent.

Published On: Sun, Aug 01, 2004 | Download File

The Endless Wait: Will Resources Match the Resolve to Reduce the Immigration Case Backlog?

Congress and the White House have pledged for a decade to reduce the backlog of immigration cases, but without providing the resources necessary to do the job.

Published On: Thu, Jul 01, 2004 | Download File

The McCarran-Walter Act:A Contradictory Legacy on Race, Quotas, and Ideology

The McCarran-Walter Act of 1952 ended the blanket exclusion of immigrants based on race and created the foundation for current immigration law, but imposed a racialized immigration quota system and new ideological grounds for exclusion.

Published On: Tue, Jun 01, 2004 | Download File

Ending Slavery in the 21st Century: Federal Anti-Trafficking Programs Have Far to Go

Although the federal government has made significant progress over the past three years in fighting human trafficking, more is needed to end this 21st century slave trade.

Published On: Tue, Jun 01, 2004 | Download File

"Eating Bitterness": The Impact of Asian-Pacific Migration on U.S. Immigration Policy

Asian-Pacific migration to the United States has had a positive impact on immigration and refugee law by contributing to the demise of exclusion acts against non-whites and of the nationality-based quota system. (

Published On: Sat, May 01, 2004 | Download File

Relinquishing Excellence: Closing the Door to Foreign Professionals Undermines the U.S. Economy

According to a recent National Science Board report, restrictive U.S. visa policies are beginning to close the door to highly skilled foreign professionals who have long helped maintain U.S. preeminence in science and technology.

Published On: Sat, May 01, 2004 | Download File

Labor Market Numerology: Arbitrary Congressional Limits on Temporary Worker Visas

The current numerical limits on visas for both high-skilled and seasonal workers prevent U.S. businesses from hiring the workers they need, while doing nothing to protect the jobs or wages of native workers. Labor rights are most effectively guaranteed by enforcing labor protections, not by imposing arbitrary numerical caps.

Published On: Thu, Apr 01, 2004 | Download File

Beyond the High-Tech Bubble: The Changing Demand for H-1B Professionals

Contrary to popular myth, H-1B professionals represent only a tiny fraction of the total U.S. labor force and do not crowd out native-born workers in industries that are losing jobs. Rather, H-1B workers fill growing labor needs in a variety of fields that continue to add jobs, such as education and healthcare.

Published On: Thu, Apr 01, 2004 | Download File

An Unlikely Fit: Will the Undocumented Apply for a Temporary Status?

A guest worker program that lacks a clearly defined path to a permanent status is an unlikely fit for many of the 9.3 million undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States, most of whom have deep roots in U.S. families, communities and businesses.

Published On: Sun, Feb 01, 2004 | Download File

Health Worker Shortages & the Potential of Immigration Policy

Foreign-born and foreign-trained professionals play an important role in the delivery of health care in the United States. This report examines the important role of immigrant doctors and nurses – many of whom have received their training abroad – in the U.S. health industry, using new Census Bureau data as well as information from numerous interviews with health industry experts.

Published On: Sun, Feb 01, 2004 | Download File